Biological and Non-biological Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles: Scope for Current Pharmaceutical Research
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bharat Institute of Technology, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam(M), Ranga Reddy-501 510, India
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bharat Institute of Technology, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam(M), Ranga Reddy-501 510, India, E-mail: [email protected]
Nanotechnology in pharmacy and medicine is going to have a major impact on the survival of the human race. The unique optical, catalytic, electronic and physical properties (melting point) of metallic nanoparticles have made them potential candidates in the field of nanotechnology. The synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is being carried out by various methods. Method of synthesis is one of the important factors, which largely influences their biological effectiveness. Moreover, conventional physical and chemical processes involve the use of expensive chemicals and these methods are non-ecofriendly. The present review outlined different non-biological and biological methods of synthesizing metallic nanoparticles for therapeutic applications including a good emphasis on green expertise in this field. Updated tools of characterization and potential applications of metallic nanoparticles in the field of pharmacy are also reviewed.