Development and evaluation of a chloramphenicol hypertonic ophthalmic solution
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, India
A V Jithan, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India, E-mail: [email protected]
Hypertonic ophthalmic solutions are used to treat ocular diseases associated with edema. In this study, we developed a chloramphenicol hypertonic ophthalmic solution. These drops were developed based on the cosolvency and additional dielectric constant concepts. Two different solvents: PEG 300 and glycerol were used as cosolvents. Solubility curves were plotted. Based on the solubility curves, two different solutions were selected. These solutions were evaluated for physical parameters and accelerated stability. The results indicated that chloramphenicol was stable in these formulations. The selected blend of solutions was hypertonic. Thus, the solubility and stability of chloramphenicol was enhanced using a cosolvency technique so as to develop a chloramphenicol hypertonic ophthalmic solution.