Green Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles from Crocus Mathewii; A Disremembered Turkish Flowering Plant
Department of Biology, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Kötekli-48121, Mugla, Department of Herbal and Animal Production, Vocational School of Koycegiz, Mugla Sıtkı Kocman University, 48800, Turkey
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Kötekli-48121, Mugla, Turkey, E-mail: [email protected]
This study reports the first ever chemical study on Crocus mathewii, a Turkish endemic and forgotten flowering plant. Silver nanoparticles were green synthesized from one mmol×l-1 silver nitrate extract of C. mathewii. The water-suspended silver nanoparticles showed a peak at 423 nm in UV/Vis spectrophotometer that suggested smaller particle size due to its less surface plasmon resonance. Transmission electron microscopy analysis also proved excellent polydispersity of quasi-spherical particle size distribution with average particles of 7.5 nm (2.5-25 nm). The presence of silver in the nanoparticles was analyzed by X-ray diffraction, while Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis showed the presence of various –OH and –NH containing organics. The results proved that the crude extract of C. mathewii can be used for green synthesis of silver nanoparticles in future for medicinal uses.