In situ forming polymeric drug delivery systems
1 C. U. Shah College of Pharmacy, S. N. D.T. Women’s University, Mumbai-400 049, India 2 Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal-576 104, India 3 Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110 062, India
M Madan C. U. Shah College of Pharmacy, S. N. D.T. Women’s University, Mumbai-400 049 India [email protected]
In situ forming polymeric formulations are drug delivery systems that are in sol form before administration in the body, but once administered, undergo gelation in situ, to form a gel. The formation of gels depends on factors like temperature modulation, pH change, presence of ions and ultra violet irradiation, from which the drug gets released in a sustained and controlled manner. Various polymers that are used for the formulation of in situ gels include gellan gum, alginic acid, xyloglucan, pectin, chitosan, poly(DL-lactic acid), poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) and poly-caprolactone. The choice of solvents like water, dimethylsulphoxide, N-methyl pyrrolidone, triacetin and 2-pyrrolidone for these formulations depends on the solubility of polymer used. Mainly in situ gels are administered by oral, ocular, rectal, vaginal, injectable and intraperitoneal routes. The in situ gel forming polymeric formulations offer several advantages like sustained and prolonged action in comparison to conventional drug delivery systems. The article presents a detailed review of these types of polymeric systems, their evaluation, advancements and their commercial formulations. From a manufacturing point of view, the production of such devices is less complex and thus lowers the investment and manufacturing cost.