Ionic gelation controlled drug delivery systems for gastric-mucoadhesive microcapsules of captopril
Department of Pharmaceutics, N. G. S. M Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mangalore-575 005, India
M A Altaf Department of Pharmaceutics, N. G. S. M Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mangalore-575 005 India E-mail: [email protected]
A new oral drug delivery system was developed utilizing both the concepts of controlled release and mucoadhesiveness, in order to obtain a unique drug delivery system which could remain in stomach and control the drug release for longer period of time. Captopril microcapsules were prepared with a coat consisting of alginate and a mucoadhesive polymer such as hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose, carbopol 934p, chitosan and cellulose acetate phthalate using emulsification ionic gelation process. The resulting microcapsules were discrete, large, spherical and free flowing. Microencapsulation efficiency was 41.7-89.7% and high percentage efficiency was observed with (9:1) alginate-chitosan microcapsules. All alginate-carbopol 934p microcapsules exhibited good mucoadhesive property in the in vitro wash off test. Drug release pattern for all formulation in 0.1 N HCl (pH 1.2) was diffusion controlled, gradually over 8 h and followed zero order kinetics.