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Abstract

Process for Physicochemical Improvement of Ultra-flexible Liposomes Loaded with Insulin

Author(s): S. M. Arciniegas, M. J. Bernad, S. C. Caballero, D. Hernandez, B. Solis and D. Vargas*
Physiology and Pharmacology Department, Veterinary Medicine School, Pharmaceutical Technology Chemistry School, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Universidad 3000, Circuito Exterior S/N Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Assays, Facultad de Estudios Superiores (FES) – Cuautitlán, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Carretera Cuautitlán-Teoloyucan Km. 2.5, Col. San Sebastián Xhala, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, CP. 54714, México

Correspondence Address:
Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Assays, Facultad de Estudios Superiores (FES) – Cuautitlán, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Carretera Cuautitlán-Teoloyucan Km. 2.5, Col. San Sebastián Xhala, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Estado de México, CP. 54714, México, E-mail: [email protected]


The objective of this work was to evaluate physico-chemical characteristics of ultra-flexible liposomes obtained by two manufacturing methods with sucrose as hydrating agent, the thin-film rehydration method and the heating method, with a focus on improvement of percent entrapped insulin. Four formulations were prepared by each method with different percentages of soy L-α-phosphatidylcholine and sodium cholate. Size distribution, polydispersity index, zeta potential and encapsulation percentage were evaluated. The ultra-flexible liposomes obtained using the heating method showed smaller size, better homogeneity, adequate surface charge and higher encapsulation percent compared with traditional liposomes and those obtained using the thin-film rehydration method. Additionally, insulin was found to be stable after the formulation processes according to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and differential calorimetry scanning, indicating that the temperature used in these techniques did not affect the stability of this protein.



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