Corresponding Author:
K. Devaki
Department of Biochemistry, Karpagam Arts and Science College, Coimbatore-641 021, India. E-mail: [email protected]
Date of Submission 20 September 2007
Date of Revision 30 January 2009
Date of Acceptance 12 June 2009
Indian J Pharm Sci , 2009, 71 (3): 310-311  

Abstract

Ethanol extract of Passiflora edulis Sims was analyzed for its antioxidant (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical reducing power methods) and phytochemical analysis. The extract was found effective against the antioxidant test models exhibiting an IC 50 value of 875Î87.83 Îg/ml and showed strong potential antioxidant activity in both assays.

Keywords

Antioxidant, DPPH assay, reducing power activity, Passiflora edulis

Passiflora edulis Sims (Passifloraceae) is a woody climber, native of Brazil, now cultivated in all parts of the world, chiefly for its edible fruits and for its ornamental flowers. The plant is commonly called as yellow passion fruit, maracuja, yellow granadilia, and pomme liane jaune. In traditional system of medicine, P. Edulis is used as sedative, antiasthmatic and emetic [1]. P. Edulis leaves are used in the treatment of insomnia and traditionally known to produce a restful sleep without any narcotic hangover. The leaves are reported to contain a bitter principle maracugine, resins, acids and tannin exceptionally rich in ascorbic acid. It is also used to treat epilepsy, ulcers and haemorrhoids [2]. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the antioxidant activity of leaf extracts of P. Edulis.

Leaves of the plant were collected from Coimbatore and identified at the Botanical Survey of India, Coimbatore. The leaves were shade dried and powdered. They were exhaustively extracted in Soxhlet apparatus with ethanol. Preliminary phytochemical screening was carried out [3] and presented in Table 1. Antioxidant activity of the plant extracts was studied by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical (DPPH) quenching assay and reducing power test models. In vitro DPPH radical scavenging activity was carried out by adopting the method of Blois [4]. Different concentrations of the extracts (1000, 500, 250, 125, 62.5, 31.25 μg/ml) were prepared and subjected to antioxidant tests. To 500 μl of each of the extracts, 5 ml of 0.1 mM methanol solution of DPPH was added, vortexed, followed by incubation at 27° for 20 min. The control was prepared without any extract and absorbance of the sample was measured at 517 nm using UV/Vis spectrophotometer. Radical scavenging activity was expressed as percentage inhibition of DPPH radicals.

Chemical components Leaf extracts
Alkaloids -
Saponin +
Tannin and Phenolic compounds +
Flavonoids +
Steroids +
Oils and Fats +
Terpenoids +

Table 1: Phytochemical analysis of P. Edulis

IC50 value was also calculated, ascorbic acid was used as the reference standard. The reducing power of the ethanol extract was carried out by adapting the method of Oyaizu [5]. Different concentrations of the extracts (1000, 500, 250, 125, 62.5, 31.25 μg/ml) were prepared. To all the test tubes 2.5 ml of sodium phosphate buffer followed by 2.5 ml of 1% potassium ferrocyanide solution was added. The contents were vortexed well and then incubated at 50° for 20 min. After incubation, 2.5 ml of 10 % trichloroacetic acid was added to all the tubes and centrifugation was carried out at 3000 rpm for 10 min. To 5 ml of the supernatant, 5 ml of distilled water was added. To this about 1 ml of 1% ferric chloride was added to each test tube and incubated at 35° for 10 min. The absorbance was read at 700 nm. The reducing power of the extract was linearly proportional to the concentration of the sample. Ascorbic acid was taken as reference standard. The result of phytochemical analysis was recorded in Table 1. The leaf extract of P. Edulis exhibited potential antioxidant activity in the both the assay models (Tables 2 and 3).

Concentration (µg/ml) Inhibition (%) Mean±Stda IC50 (µg/ml) Mean±Stda
1000 58.17±2.45 875±87.83
500 35.01±1.42  
250 25.53±6.25  
125 15.24±6.72  
62.5 10.81±6.43  
31.25 7.06±3.87  
Ascorbic acid 11.24±0.023  

Table 2: Free radical scavenging activity of P. Edulis by DPPH radical inhibition

Concentration (µg/ml) Absorbance at 700nm Mean±Stda
1000 0.750
500 0.612
250 0.562
125 0.440
62.5 0.331
31.25 0.217
Control (BHA) 0.076
Ascorbic acid (1000µg/ml) 1.701

Table 3: Reducing power activity of P. Edulis

Acknowledgements

The authors express their sincere gratitude to the management of Karpagam Arts and Science College, Coimbatore.

References