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Abstract

Aqueous Extract of Tournefortia sarmentosa Stem Inhibits ADP-induced Platelet Aggregation

Author(s): L. K. Wang, F. M. Tsai, M. L. Chen, S. Wu, M. C. Lee, T. C. Tsai, Weimou Chou and C. H. Wang*
Radiation Biology Core Laboratory, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung University/Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan 333, Department of Research, Taipei Tzuchi Hospital, The Buddhist Tzuchi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City 231, Department of Life Science, Chinese Culture University, Shih Lin, Taipei 111, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Biopharmaceuticals, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 600, Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 600, Department of Dermatology, Taipei Tzuchi Hospital, The Buddhist Tzuchi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City 231, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Department of Dermatology, Taipei Tzuchi Hospital, The Buddhist Tzuchi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City 231, Taiwan, E-mail: [email protected]


Tournefortia sarmentosa is a Chinese herbal medicine used as an antioxidant, detoxicant, and anti-inflammatory agent. The present study evaluated the effect of T. sarmentosa on adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation. Our results showed that aqueous stem extract of T. sarmentosa inhibited adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation. In addition, we found components in T. sarmentosa, including caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid, play important roles in mediating adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation suppression. The stem extract of T. sarmentosa inhibited the adenosine diphosphate receptor P2Y12-mediated cyclic AMP production. Caffeic acid inhibited P2Y1-induced calcium influx. Furthermore, treatment of platelets with T. sarmentosa, or the components in stem extract of T. sarmentosa, suppressed adenosine diphosphate-induced release of thromboxane A2 and arachidonic acid and surface PAC-1 expression. These data demonstrate the aqueous stem extract of T. sarmentosa significantly suppressed platelet aggregation through P2Y1 and P2Y12 receptor signal pathways. The antiaggregation properties found in the stem extract of T. sarmentosa might help to prevent cardiovascular disease.



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