Novel spectrophotometric estimation of some poorly water soluble drugs using hydrotropic solubilizing agents
1 Department of Pharmacy, S. G. S. I. T. S, Indore-452 003, India 2 School of Pharmacy, D. A. V. V., Indore-452 003, India 3 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. H. S. Gour University, Sagar-470 002, India
R K Maheshwari Department of Pharmacy, S. G. S. I. T. S, Indore-452 003 India E-mail: [email protected]
Ultraviolet absorption spectrophotometric method for the estimation of poorly water soluble drugs like nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, tinidazole, and metronidazole in pharmaceutical formulations, has been developed. Aqueous solubilities of these selected model drugs were enhanced to a great extent (5 to 98 fold) in 2.0 M sodium benzoate, and in 2.0 M niacinamide solutions. The primary objective of the present investigation was to employ these hydrotropic solutions to extract the drugs from their dosage forms, precluding the use of costlier organic solvents. The selected lmax for nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, tinidazole, and metronidazole, were 330 nm, 324 nm, 318 nm and 320 nm, respectively. Sodium benzoate and niacinamide did not show any absorbance above 300 nm, and therefore, no interference in the estimation was seen. The results of analysis have been validated statistically, and by recovery studies. The proposed methods are new, simple, economic, accurate, safe, and precise.