Preparation of coated valproic acid and sodium valproate sustained-release matrix tablets
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakhon, Pathom-73000, Thailand
T Phaechamud Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakhon, Pathom-73000 Thailand E-mail: [email protected]
The aim of this research was to investigate the technique for preparation of coated valproic acid and sodium valproate sustained-release matrix tablets. Different diluents were tested and selected as the effective absorbent for oily valproic acid. Effect of the amount of absorbent and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose on drug release from valproic acid-sodium valproate matrix tablets prepared with wet granulation technique was evaluated in pH change system. Colloidal silicon dioxide effectively adsorbed liquid valproic acid during wet granulation and granule preparation. The amounts of colloidal silicon dioxide and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose employed in tablet formulations affected drug release from the tablets. The drug release was prominently sustained for over 12 h using hydroxypropylmethylcellulose-based hydrophilic matrix system. The mechanism of drug release through the matrix polymer was a diffusion control. The drug release profile of the developed matrix tablet was similar to Depakine ChronoÍ¾ , providing the values of similarity factor (f2) and difference factor (f1) of 85.56 and 2.37, respectively. EudragitÍ¾ L 30 D-55 was used as effective subcoating material for core matrix tablets before over coating with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose film with organic base solvent. Drug release profile of coated matrix tablet was almost similar to that of Depakine ChronoÍ¾ .