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Abstract

Antidiabetic activity of the ethanol extract of Capparis sepiaria L leaves

Author(s): P Selvamani1, S Latha1, K Elayaraja1, P Suresh Babu1, JK Gupta2, TK Pal2, LK Ghosh2, DJ Sen3
1Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Bharathidasan Institute of Technology, Anna University, Tiruchirappalli-620 024, India 2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkatta-700 032, India 3Shri Sarvajanik Pharmacy College, Mehsana-384 001, India

Correspondence Address:
P Selvamani Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Bharathidasan Institute of Technology, Anna University, Tiruchirappalli-620 024 India E-mail: [email protected]


Capparis sepiaria L, a profusely branched hedge plant, is used in Indian traditional medicine. Capparis sepiaria leaves were extracted with ethanol and concentrated to dryness. The LD 50 value was determined as 894.43 mg/kg body weight by acute toxicity study. The ethanol extract was investigated for possible hypoglycemic effect produced by single oral administration at various dose levels 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg in the streptozotocin induced diabetic rats and compared against normal saline control and the standard glibenclamide. A maximum fall of plasma glucose level 9.40%; 13.57%; 15.25% and 18.80% was observed after 12 h of treatment when administered with ethanol extract of Capparis sepiaria at 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg, and glibenclamide 10 mg/kg dose, respectively. The findings from the study suggest that the Capparis sepiaria leaves may be prescribed as an adjunct to traditional formulation and drug treatment for controlling diabetes mellitus.

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