Antidiabetic Polyherbal Capsule: Formulation, Evaluation and Safety measurements
Department of Pharmaceutics, Amar Shaheed Baba Ajit Singh Jujhar Singh Memorial College of Pharmacy, Bela, Punjab 140111, India
Saini Navjot Kaur, Department of Pharmaceutics, Amar Shaheed Baba Ajit Singh Jujhar Singh Memorial College of Pharmacy, Bela, Punjab 140111, India, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The well-known plant components for their anti-diabetic properties are Azadirachta indica leaves, Pterocarpus marsupium heartwood, Picrorhiza kurroa rhizomes and Withania coagulans berries and fruit coat. The current study's objective was to create a polyherbal dosage form and assess its effectiveness and stability. The various methanolic extracts of all four medicines were combined in the 1:1:1:1 ratios to create the polyherbal extract. Both in vitro antioxidant and in vitro antidiabetic activity of the extract were evaluated. For their preformulation investigations, a total of six polyherbal compositions were examined. Through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis, the phytochemicals present were identified. The medication was then put into capsules with a 0 size and evaluated for every aspect of a capsule. The stability of the most recent medicine was examined under diverse circumstances. The 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl half maximal inhibitory concentration value for the polyherbal extract was 60.56 μg/ml indicating in vitro antioxidant activity. The anti-diabetic action was equivalent to the industry standard and dose-dependent, with an half maximal inhibitory concentration value of 59.82 μg/ml for inhibiting alpha-amylase and 67.28 μg/ml for inhibiting alpha-glucosidase. The polyherbal formulation 1 displayed the best flow qualities. According to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic data, granules may include terpenes, tannins, phenols and flavonoids. In 30 min, the capsules with polyherbal formulation 1 had a 95.77 % cumulative drug release value. The capsules were discovered to be stable under many types of lighting, however they disintegrate above 70 % humidity and over 55°. As a result, it was discovered that the polyherbal capsules were stable and effective in treating hyperglycemia.