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Abstract

Antiinflammatory activity of aqueous extract of Stereospermum kunthianum (cham, sandrine petit) stem bark in rats

Author(s): FP Ching1, EKI Omogbai2, SO Okpo2, RI Ozolua2
1 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Niger Delta University, WilberforceIsland, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria 2 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
F P Ching Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Niger Delta University, WilberforceIsland, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Nigeria [email protected]


Stereospermum kunthianum, Cham, Sandrine Petit (family: Bignoniaceae) is used in traditional medicine to treat bronchitis, pneumonia and coughs, gastritis, wounds, rheumatic arthritis, ulcers, dysentery, leprosy and venereal diseases in humans. The antiinflammatory activity of the aqueous extract of the stem bark was investigated with experimental animal models using the carrageenan-induced paw oedema, leucocytes migration and granuloma air pouch tests in rats. The extract (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg) at 3 h post-treatment caused a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the paw oedema in rats. The effect of the extract was most pronounced at the dose of 400 mg/kg and was higher than that of indomethacin (10 mg/kg). The extract (400 mg/kg) caused a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the number of recruited leucocytes and it's inhibition of peritoneal exudate formation was comparable to that of indomethacin at a dose of 10 mg/kg. The exudate formation inhibited by 400 mg/kg of the extract in the granuloma air pouch test was comparatively less to that of indomethacin at a dose of 10 mg/kg. The findings of the study indicate that the aqueous extract of Stereospermum kunthianum stem bark possesses antiinflammatory activity which is probably related to the inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. This is a possible rationale for its folkloric use as an antiinflammatory agent.

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