Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 4 in Early Diagnosis and Prognosis of Breast Cancer
Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, No. 25 Youzheng Street, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150008, 1General Hospital of Heilongjiang Province Land Reclamation Bureau, Harbin 150088, 2Weifang Medical University, Weifang, Shandong 261053, China
H. Q. Qiao, Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, No. 25 Youzheng Street, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150008, China, E-mail: email@example.com
Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 is the key protein to control cilia formation. In this study, bioinformatics method was used to screen the core genes related to the prognosis of breast cancer by analyzing the gene chip data of gene expression omnibus and the cancer genome atlas database, so as to provide a new candidate target for the treatment of breast cancer. Data were downloaded from the cancer genome atlas, gene expression omnibus to evaluate Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 expression levels in breast cancer. Differentially expressed genes were screened by R package. Gene ontology and Kyoto encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis was used to explore the biological functions of differentially expressed genes. The correlation of differentially expressed genes used was, “corrplot” for visual analysis. The proteinprotein interaction relationship was constructed based on search tool for the retrieval of interacting genes/ proteins database and Cytoscape software and the key genes were obtained by module analysis with Cytoscape software molecular complex detection plugin and the prognostic value and survival of Bardet- Biedl syndrome 4 were evaluated by R package. Finally, the correlation between Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 and clinicopathological parameters was also visualized by R package. These differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in response to peptide hormone, nuclear division, hormone secretion and transport and extracellular matrix. Genes were mainly involved in the Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway called Interleukin-17 signaling pathway. Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 levels were found to be down regulated in breast cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. Survival analysis showed that low Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 expression was associated with poor prognosis. These results were verified in clinical specimens, where in the Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 protein levels were significantly down regulated in breast cancer tissues compared with non-breast cancer tissues. This study confirmed that Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 can be used as an independent prognostic factor for the prognosis of breast cancer, which provides a basis for exploring a new target for the treatment of breast cancer.