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Abstract

Biodegradable polymers: Which, when and why?

Author(s): VB Kotwal, Maria Saifee, Nazma Inamdar, Kiran Bhise
Allana College of Pharmacy, K. B. Hidayatullah Road, Azam Campus, Pune - 411 001, India

Correspondence Address:
Kiran Bhise Allana College of Pharmacy, K. B. Hidayatullah Road, Azam Campus, Pune - 411 001 India E-mail: [email protected]


The plethora of drug therapies and types of drugs demand different formulations, fabrications conditions and release kinetics. No single polymer can satisfy all the requirements. Therefore there have been tremendous advances in area of biodegradable copolymers over the last 30 years. This article reviews current research on biodegradable polymers, focusing their potential as drug carries. The major classes of polymers are briefly discussed with regard to synthesis, properties and biodegradability, and known degradation modes and products are indicated based on studies reported in the literature. A vast majority of biodegradable polymers studied belongs to the polyester family, which includes polyglycolides and polylactides. Other degradable polymers such as polyorthoesters, polyanhydrides and polyphosphazenes are also discussed and their advantages and disadvantages are summarized.

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