Clinical Observation of the Effect of Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser on the Treatment of Pit and Fissure in Children
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, 1Department of stomatology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210006, China
JUAN LIN, Department of stomatology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210006, China, E-mail: email@example.com
To apply erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser to the closure of young permanent teeth and pits, compare the total retention rate of sealants, and discuss whether erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser is suitable for clinical treatment in children. Sixty children with 6-9 y old and bilateral mandibular first molars with complicated sulcus were randomly divided into two groups: A and B. The self-half control method was used: group A children’s control side test teeth application of corundum The enamel was performed by enamel, acid etching, coating pit and fissure sealant, erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser enameloplasty was applied to the contralateral test teeth and pit and fissure sealant was applied; group B children’s control side test teeth were treated with group A. The contralateral test teeth were treated with erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser enameloplasty, acid etching, and coating pit and fissure sealant. The children were scored for treatment after surgery, and regular follow-up was performed to observe the retention of the sealant. 63.3 % of the children tested were willing to take the initiative to choose laser treatment. At the 3rd and 6th mo of follow-up, there was no significant difference in the total retention rate of the two groups of sealants (p>0.05); at the 12th and 18th mos of followup, the total retention rate of the sealant materials: laser+etchant group>traditional bur. The difference between the needle group and the laser group was statistically significant (p<0.05). Laser is a more acceptable treatment for children. Erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser is used in the formation of permanent enamel. It needs to be combined with acid etchant to enhance the retention of the sealant.