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Abstract

Comparison of Calcium Phosphate and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles as Dermal Penetration Enhancers for Albumin

Author(s): NARGES SHOKRI1,2* AND H. A. JAVAR3
1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, 2Drug and Advanced Sciences Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, 3Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, 2Drug and Advanced Sciences Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, 3Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, E-mail: [email protected]

Notice of Retraction: After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IJPS Publication Principles. We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove references to this paper.

Evidence

It has come to our attention that there are substantial overlaps between the text of the above article and the following papers, especially in the introduction, methods, and discussion.

It has been pointed out that the above study appeared to contain a high level of similarity with four articles by the same authors published as below:

Shokri N, Akbari Javar H. Comparison of calcium phosphate and zinc oxide nanoparticles as dermal penetration enhancers for albumin. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2015 Nov-Dec; 77(6): 694?704

Shokri N, Akbari Javar H. Using a Synergistic Combination of Two Enhancers for Dermal Delivery of Collagen in Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Products. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2015 Jan-Mar, 14(1); 1-6

Shokri N, Akbari Javar H. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles as Skin Permeation Enhancer for Solvents and Surfactants. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2014;13(3):85-91. -Shokri N, Goodarzi MT, Akbari Javar H, Soltani Y. Zinc Oxide and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles as Enhancers in Topical Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Products. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2014;13(2): 40-44.

Shokri N. Different Inorganic Nanoparticles as Enhancers for Dermal Delivery of Proteins in Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Products. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2014 Oct; 13(4):116-121.

The published paper in IJPS and the paper in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2014 Oct; 13(4): 116-121, had overlap in the introduction, aim, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion indicate that these papers are an example of redundancy. Following an internal investigation, it was established that the studies were conducted along broadly similar lines. Furthermore, submitting multiple articles derived from the same data set with the overlap without cross-referencing is not legitimated based on the ethical principles of Scopus. Hence the article was retracted from the Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 

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