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Discrimination of the Effects of Doxorubicin on Two Different Breast Cancer Cell Lines on Account of Multidrug Resistance and Apoptosis

Author(s): S. Oncul and A. Ercan
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey, E-mail:

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer types and malfunctioning proteins in apoptotic pathways are known to be the main contributors of cancer development. In this study MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines were treated with a potent chemotherapeutic agent, Doxorubicin. IC50 values were calculated to be 8306 and 6602 nM, respectively. Percentage of the cells in cell cycle arrest increased in a dose-dependent manner and was more evident in MDA-MB-231 cells. Apoptotic cell number increased in MCF-7 and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio was measured to be ~ 7 fold higher in cells treated with 200 nM of doxorubicin when compared to the control. Likewise, apoptotic cell rate increased in MDA-MB-231 cells and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio was increased by 2 fold compared to the control. Doxorubicin was also found to suppress Mdr-1 in a concentration-dependent manner and the outcome was more evident in MCF-7 cells. Drug efflux assay results were also shown to be consistent with Mdr-1 gene expression levels in both cell lines. Consequently it was concluded that doxorubicin directly influences apoptotic pathway and multidrug resistance in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells even though data all together suggest that the effect is more significant on MDA-MB-231.

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