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Abstract

Effect of plant extracts formulated in different ointment bases on MDR strains

Author(s): Pallavi L Pawar, Bela M Nabar
Department of Microbiology, Smt. Chandibai Himathmal Mansukhani College, Ulhasnagar - 421 003, India

Correspondence Address:
Bela M Nabar Department of Microbiology, Smt. Chandibai Himathmal Mansukhani College, Ulhasnagar - 421 003 India E-mail: [email protected]


Extracts of Aloe vera whole plant, Eucalyptus globulus leaves, Ficus infectoria bark, Ficus religiosa bark and Piper betel leaves were studied for antibacterial activity on resistant and sensitive strains, isolated from skin and soft tissue infections. A combination of hot alcoholic extracts of Ficus infectoria, Ficus religiosa and Piper betel were found to be more effective against all the isolates. The combined extract was formulated in different ointment bases such as polyethylene glycol, gelatin, sodium alginate, carbopol, cream base and honey. These were then evaluated to find a suitable base for preparation of an ointment. In vitro study of the release of antimicrobials and kill-time studies of the herbal ointments was carried out against multi-drug resistant isolate of Pseudomonas. The ointment showed bactericidal activity within 2 h against the resistant strain of Pseudomonas spp.

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