All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Rats with Functional Chronic Visceral Pain Based on Protein Expressions in the Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1/Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Response Element-Binding Protein Signaling Pathway

Author(s): J. Li, Huizhong Tang1 and Li Ma*
Department of Anesthesiology, 1Department of Radiology, People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 530022, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

Correspondence Address:
Li Ma, Department of Anesthesiology, People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 530022, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, E-mail: [email protected]


To evaluate the protective effects of dexmedetomidine on the colon and spinal cord of rats with functional chronic visceral pain and its regulatory mechanism on extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1-cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein signaling pathway. A rat model of irritable bowel syndrome was established by colorectal distention stimulation. Animals were categorized into normal group, model group, experimental group and control group. No treatment was given in normal group, while colorectal distention stimulation was utilized in model group, experimental group and control group. After successful modeling, the animals in experimental group were injected intraperitoneally with 5 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride injection daily, those in control group were injected intraperitoneally with 5 μg/kg pinaverium bromide daily and those in normal group and model group were injected intraperitoneally daily with the same volume of normal saline, for 14 consecutive days. Abdominal withdrawal reflex score and pain threshold of rats were measured. Cell apoptosis in the spinal cord of rats was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining. The messenger ribonucleic acid expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein in the spinal cord were detected by realtime quantitative polymerase chain reaction and phosphorylated-extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and phosphorylated-cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein expressions in the spinal cord of rats were tested by Western blotting. Compared with normal group, abdominal withdrawal reflex score, cell apoptosis rate, messenger ribonucleic acid expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein, phosphorylatedextracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and phosphorylated-cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein expressions were significantly higher (p<0.05) and pain threshold value was significantly lower (p<0.05) in model group, experimental group and control group at 20 mmHg, 40 mmHg, 60 mmHg and 80 mmHg pressures. Abdominal withdrawal reflex score, cell apoptosis rate, messenger ribonucleic acid expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein, phosphorylated-extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and phosphorylated-cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein expressions were significantly lower (p<0.05) and pain threshold value was significantly higher (p<0.05) in experimental group and control group than those in model group at 20 mmHg, 40 mmHg, 60 mmHg and 80 mmHg pressures. Dexmedetomidine can prominently ameliorate the clinical symptoms of rats with functional chronic visceral pain and may protect the colon and spinal cord by inhibiting the extracellular signalregulated kinase 1/cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein signaling pathway.

Full-Text | PDF

 
 
List of Supporting Conferences