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Abstract

Formulation and evaluation of mouth disintegrating tablets of atenolol and atorvastatin

Author(s): RM Sarfraz1, HU Khan2, A Mahmood1, M Ahmad1, S Maheen2, M Sher3
1Faculty of Pharmacy, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Punjab, Pakistan 2Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, 40100, Punjab, Pakistan 3Department of Chemistry, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, 40100, Punjab, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
R M Sarfraz Faculty of Pharmacy, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, 63100, Punjab Pakistan E-mail: [email protected]


In this study, mouth-disintegrating tablets of atenolol and atorvastatin combination were formulated using superdisintegrants to impart fast disintegration. Fifteen formulations were prepared based on different concentrations of two superdisintegrants, croscarmellose sodium and Kyron-T134. Three different techniques such as direct compression, effervescent and sublimation were used to study the effect of manufacturing processes, nature and concentration of superdisintegrants on various features of these tablets. Five formulations were made using each method. Precompression studies like bulk density, tapped density, angle of repose, Carr's compressibility index, Hausner's ratio and compatibility studies such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry were performed. Various features such as hardness, thickness, diameter, weight variation, friability, disintegration time, dissolution studies, wetting time, wetting volume, water absorption ratio, modified disintegration, uniformity of contents and stability were evaluated. Finally results were statistically analyzed by the application of one way ANOVA test. Formulation F 13 containing Kyron-T134 (6%) and croscarmellose sodium (2%) was found to be the best among all fifteen formulations prepared in all aspects evaluated. Sublimation method is found to be the best among three methods of preparation used.

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