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Abstract

Identification of Compounds from Curcuma longa with In Silico Binding Potential against SARS-CoV-2 and Human Host Proteins Involve in Virus Entry and Pathogenesis

Author(s): S. Kumar, A. K. Singh , P. P. Kushwaha, Kumari Sunita Prajapati, S. Senapati, S. Mohd and S. Gupta*
Department of Biochemistry, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, 1Department of Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda 151401, Punjab, India, 2Department of Urology, 3Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, 4Division of General Medical Sciences, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States of America

Correspondence Address:
S. Gupta, Division of General Medical Sciences, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States of America, E-mail: [email protected]


Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and associated coronavirus disease 2019 is a newly identified human coronavirus has imposed a serious threat to global health. The rapid transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and its ability to spread in humans have prompted the development of new approaches for its treatment. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 requires RNA-dependent RNA polymerases for life cycle propagation and Spike (S)-protein for attachment to the host cell surface receptors. The virus enters the human body with the assistance of a key functional host receptor dipeptidyl peptidase-4 primed by transmembrane serine protease 2 which are putative targets for drug development. We performed screening of 267 compounds from Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae family) against the viral S-protein and RNA-dependent RNA polymerases and host receptor proteins dipeptidyl peptidase-4 and transmembrane serine protease 2 using in silico molecular docking. Compounds C1, ((4Z,6E)-1,5-dihydroxy-1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-4,6-dien- 3-one) and C6 ((4Z,6E)-1,5-dihydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hepta-4,6- dien-3-one) exhibited tight binding to the S1 domain of the Spike protein than VE607 and with RNA- dependent RNA polymerase protein more effectively than ribavirin and remdesivir. These compounds also interacted with the human host proteins dipeptidyl peptidase-4 and transmembrane serine protease 2 with higher efficiency than standard inhibitors sitagliptin and camostat mesylate. The lead compounds showed favorable free binding energy for all the studied protein-ligand complexes in Molecular mechanics/ Generalized born model and solvent accessibility analysis. Besides, other Curcuma longa compounds C14 and C23 exhibited almost similar potential against these target proteins. The structure based optimization and molecular docking studies have provided information on some lead Curcuma longa compounds with probability for advancement in preclinical research.

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