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Preparation and evaluation of waxes/fat microspheres loaded with lithium carbonate for controlled release

Author(s): DV Gowda, HG Shivakumar
Department of Pharmaceutics, J. S. S. College of Pharmacy, S. S. Nagara, Mysore - 570 015, India

Correspondence Address:
D V Gowda Department of Pharmaceutics, J. S. S. College of Pharmacy, S. S. Nagara, Mysore - 570 015 India E-mail:

To minimize the unwanted toxic effects of anti maniac drug lithium carbonate by kinetic control of drug release, it was entrapped into gastro resistant, biodegradable, waxes and fat such as beeswax, cetostearyl alcohol, spermaceti and cetylalcohol microspheres using meltable emulsified dispersion cooling induced solidification technique utilizing a wetting agent. Solid, discrete, reproducible free flowing microspheres were obtained. The yield of the microspheres was up to 90.0%. More than 98.0% of the isolated microspheres were of particle size range 115 to 855 mm. The microspheres had smooth surfaces, with free flowing and good packing properties. Scanning electron microscope confirmed their spherical structures within a size range of 339-355 mm. The drug loaded in waxes and fat microspheres was stable and compatible, as confirmed by DSC and FTIR studies. The release of drug was controlled for more than 8 hours. Intestinal drug release from waxes/ fat microspheres was studied and compared with the releases behavior of commercially available formulation Intalith CR®-450. The release kinetics followed different transport mechanisms. The drug release performance was greatly affected by the materials used in microsphere preparations, which allows absorption in the intestinal tract.


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Citations : 66710

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences received 66710 citations as per google scholar report