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Abstract

Preparation and in vitro evaluation of naproxen suppositories

Author(s): S Hargoli1, J Farid2, SH Azarmi2, S Ghanbarzadeh3, P Zakeri-milani4
1Zahravi Pharmaceutical Company, Sorom Darou Street, 19 km Tehran Road, Iran 2Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Daneshgah Street, Tabriz, Iran 3Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran 4Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Correspondence Address:
P Zakeri-milani Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz Iran E‑mail: [email protected]


The aim of this work was to develop the best formulations for naproxen suppositories. The effects of different bases and surfactants on the physicochemical characteristics of the suppositories were determined by several tests such as weight variation, melting point, assay, hardness, and release rate. All formulations met the standard criteria for tested physicochemical parameters; weight variation (97-112%), content uniformity (97-105%), melting point (4.66-8.7 min) and hardness tests (>5400 g). Based on release rate studies, hydrophilic, and lipophilic bases without surfactants were not suitable bases for naproxen suppository. Amongst the formulations containing surfactants only Witepsol H15 with 0.5% w/w of Tween 80 and Witepsol W35 with 0.5% of cetylpyridinium chloride were suitable and released nearly complete drug during 30 and 60 min, respectively. This study demonstrates the effects of incorporation of known agents on the in vitro release characteristics of naproxen suppository.

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