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Abstract

Protein and peptide drug delivery: Oral approaches

Author(s): Jessy Shaji, V Patole
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prin. K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Cuffe Parade, Mumbai-400 005, India

Correspondence Address:
Jessy Shaji Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prin. K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Cuffe Parade, Mumbai-400 005 India E-mail: [email protected]


Till recent, injections remained the most common means for administering therapeutic proteins and peptides because of their poor oral bioavailability. However, oral route would be preferred to any other route because of its high levels of patient acceptance and long term compliance, which increases the therapeutic value of the drug. Designing and formulating a polypeptide drug delivery through the gastro intestinal tract has been a persistent challenge because of their unfavorable physicochemical properties, which includes enzymatic degradation, poor membrane permeability and large molecular size. The main challenge is to improve the oral bioavailability from less than 1% to at least 30-50%. Consequently, efforts have intensified over the past few decades, where every oral dosage form used for the conventional small molecule drugs has been used to explore oral protein and peptide delivery. Various strategies currently under investigation include chemical modification, formulation vehicles and use of enzyme inhibitors, absorption enhancers and mucoadhesive polymers. This review summarizes different pharmaceutical approaches which overcome various physiological barriers that help to improve oral bioavailability that ultimately achieve formulation goals for oral delivery.

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