Recovery of Diabetic Ulcers Facilitated by Asiaticoside through Activating the Wnt/Beta-Catenin Signalling Cascade
Department of Dermatology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Clinical College of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210008, 1Department of Dermatology, Nantong First People's Hospital, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong 226001, 2Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, 3Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Anqing Shihua Hospital, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group, Anqing 246002, China
Qian Tan, Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Anqing Shihua Hospital, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group, Anqing 246002, China, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Diabetic ulcers, a type of chronic and refractory wound, are the most common diabetic complication and their incidence is increasing. However, the specific mechanisms underlying the formation of diabetic ulcers have not been clarified and the current therapeutic methods are unsatisfactory. In this study, we found that asiaticoside facilitated the recovery of skin wounds in diabetic rats. Intensive studies demonstrated that asiaticoside promoted fibroblast proliferation and migration in a high-glycemic environment. Mechanistically, asiaticoside upregulated Wnt1 at the protein and immunohistochemistry levels and activated the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling cascade, thereby promoting fibroblast functions. Thus, asiaticoside promotes skin cell activities relevant to diabetic ulcers healing and thus may have therapeutic value.