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Stability-indicating RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of sitagliptin and simvastatin in tablets

Author(s): P Ramalingam1, V Udaya Bhaskar2, Y Padmanabha Reddy2, K Vinod Kumar2
1College of Pharmacy, Gulf medical University, Ajman, UAE 2Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, UAE

Correspondence Address:
V Udaya Bhaskar Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Anantapur-522 721 UAE E-mail: [email protected]

A new stability-indicating high-performance liquid chromatographic method for simultaneous analysis of sitagliptin and simvastatin in pharmaceutical dosage form was developed and validated. The mobile phase consisted of methanol and water (70:30, v/v) with 0.2 % of n-heptane sulfonic acid adjusted to pH 3.0 with ortho phosphoric acid was used. Retentions of sitagliptin and simvastatin were 4.3 min and 30.4 min, respectively with a flow rate of 1 ml/min on C 8 (Qualisil BDS, 250×4.6 mm, 5 μ). Eluents were detected at 253 nm using photodiode diode array detector. The linear regression analysis data for the linearity plot showed correlation coefficient values of 0.9998 and 0.9993 for sitagliptin and simvastatin, with respective concentration ranges of 20-150 μg/ml and 8-60 μg/ml. The relative standard deviation for inter-day precision was lower than 2.0%. The assay of sitagliptin and simvastatin was determined in tablet dosage form was found to be within limits. Both drugs were subjected to a variety of stress conditions such as acidic, basic, oxidation, photolytic, neutral and thermal stress in order to achieve adequate degradation. Results revealed that considerable degradation was found in all stress conditions except oxidative degradations. The method has proven specificity for stability indicating assay method.

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