Using Nanotechnology for Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer: A Review
Department of Bioinformatics, The Basic Medical School of Chongqing Medical University, 1Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, 2Department of Physics, School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, China, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 51664, Iran
Xiaofeng Rongn, Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the leading causes of death in women around the word is breast cancer. For the treatment of most cancers, chemotherapy is a good option. The most treatment approaches for breast cancer are radiotherapy, surgery and chemotherapy. There are some restrictions and limitations in diagnostic approaches and treatment methods. They result in the progress of new diagnosis and treatment approaches to improve the life quality of patients. Application of nanotechnology in the treatment of cancers currently has received much attention. In cancer treatments, nanotechnology plays a significant role in the drug delivery. Tumors can be targeted by nanoparticles. They have important role in controlling the drug release to accurate sites. Therefore, nanoparticles improve the drug efficiency and reduce the normal organ’s toxicity. Another ability of nanoparticles is activation of immune cells against tumors. As a result, nanoparticles can be used as a proper and efficient tool in the treatment and diagnosis of cancer. In this review we discuss about using nanotechnology and application of different nanoparticles in diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.