Assessment of Drug Related Problems in Patients with Chronic Diseases through Health Status Survey in a South Indian Rural Community Setting
Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, Mysore to Bangalore Main Road, Near Fire Station, Sri Shivarathreeshwara Nagar, Mysore-570 015, India
Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, Sri Shivarathreeshwara Nagar, Mysore-570 015, India E mail: [email protected]
A prospective study has been carried out to assess the incidence, prevalence and cost implications of drugrelated problems in patients with chronic diseases dwelling in a south Indian rural community setting. Details of patients with chronic diseases were recorded in a suitably designed data collection form and assessed for the potential drug-related problems in the prescriptions with the patient’s consent. Hepler and Strand classification was used to categorize the identified drug related problems. Each drug-related problem was assessed for its significance level and graded either as minor, moderate or major based on expected clinical outcome. Cost implications due to drug-related problems were also evaluated. During the study period, the research pharmacist visited 550 houses and interviewed 2370 people. Among the interviewed individuals, 215 (8.36%) people were found with chronic diseases. A total of 90 drug-related problems were observed in the patients’ prescriptions who met the study criteria. Noncompliance (22), untreated indications (18) and drug interactions (14) were the most commonly found drug-related problems. Among all drug-related problem’s, 9 drug related problems were graded as major, 37 were moderate and 44 were minor in severity. It is estimated that, a sum of 84 64 950 rupees could have been saved through the pharmacist intervention.