Furosemide-loaded alginate microspheres prepared by ionic cross-linking technique: Morphology and release characteristics
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, India
M K Das, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, India, E-mail: [email protected]
Furosemide-loaded alginate microspheres were prepared by the ionic cross-linking technique using CaCl 2 , Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 and BaCl 2 . The process induced the formation of microspheres with the incorporation efficiency of 65% to 93%. The effect of sodium alginate concentration, cross-linking agents and drying conditions was evaluated with respect to entrapment efficiency, particle size, surface characteristics and in vitro release behaviors. Infrared spectroscopic study confirmed the absence of any drug-polymer interaction. Differential scanning calorimetric analysis revealed that the drug was molecularly dispersed in the alginate microspheres matrices showing rough surface, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy study. The mean particle size and entrapment efficiency were found to be varied by changing various formulation parameters. The in vitro release profile could be altered significantly by changing various formulation parameters to give a sustained release of drug from the microspheres. The kinetic modeling of the release data indicate that furosemide release from the alginate microspheres follow anomalous transport mechanism after an initial lag period when the drug release mechanism was found to be fickian diffusion controlled.