Effects of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin on Inflammatory Factors in Rats with Traumatic Brain Injury
Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin 300350, China
K. Xue, Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin 300350, China, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
To study the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin on inflammatory factors in rats with traumatic brain injury is the main objective. A total of 45 specific-pathogen-free grade male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into sham operation group (sham group), model group and recombinant human erythropoietin intervention group (treatment group) (n=15). Model and treatment groups were prepared into traumatic brain injury model by hitting the head through the modified Feeney’s free-fall impact method, while the head of sham group was not hit. After modeling, treatment group was intraperitoneally injected with recombinant human erythropoietin at 5000 IU/kg daily and sham and model groups were intraperitoneally injected with the same dose of normal saline. The rats were killed after 7 d of continuous administration. The changes of brain mitochondrial membrane potential were detected through rhodamine 123 staining and immunocytochemistry and Western blotting were separately employed to measure the expressions of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α in brain tissues and the expression levels of dynamin-related protein 1, fission 1, mitofusin 2 and optic atrophy 1, mitochondrial dynamics related proteins in brain tissues. Compared with sham group, model group exhibited significantly weakened rhodamine 123 fluorescence intensity, increased expressions of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α, dynamin-related protein 1 and fission 1 and reduced expressions of mitofusin 2 and optic atrophy 1 in brain tissues (p<0.05). In comparison with model group, treatment group had significantly enhanced rhodamine 123 fluorescence intensity, reduced expressions of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α, dynamin-related protein 1 and fission 1 and elevated expressions of mitofusin 2 and optic atrophy 1 in brain tissues (p<0.05). Recombinant human erythropoietin can protect the brain after traumatic brain injury by relieving the inflammatory response and mitochondrial injury after traumatic brain injury.