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Abstract

Formulation and characterization of rifampicin microcapsules

Author(s): Md.Sarfaraz1, D Hiremath1, K.P.R Chowdary2
1 Department of Pharmaceutics, N. E. T. College of Pharmacy, Raichur-584 101, India 2 Industrial Pharmacy Division, University College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530 003, India

Correspondence Address:
Md.Sarfaraz Department of Pharmaceutics, N. E. T. College of Pharmacy, Raichur-584 101 India E-mail: sarfi [email protected]


Rifampicin biodegradable microcapsules were prepared by feasible emulsification-ionic gelation method for a novel controlled release product. Sodium alginate and Carbopol 974P were used as coating polymers in different ratios 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4 to obtain elegant microcapsules. The formulations were characterized for encapsulation efficiency, drug loading, sieve analysis, scanning electron microscopy and in vitro release studies. The microcapsules were discrete, large, almost spherical and free flowing with encapsulation efficiency in the range of 75% to 89%, drug loading 75% to 86% and size 440 µm to 500 µm. Rifampicin release from these microcapsules was slow and extended over longer periods of time depending on the polymer coat. Drug release was diffusion controlled and followed first order kinetics. The formulation MC1 with a coating ratio of 1:1 (Sodium alginate: Carbopol 974P) was found to be suitable for oral controlled release.

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