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Formulation and Evaluation of Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose-based Controlled Release Matrix Tablets for Theophylline

Author(s): T Raja Sekharan, S Palanichamy, S Tamilvanan, S Shanmuganathan, A Thanga Thirupathi

The objectives of the study were to formulate hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose-based controlled release matrix tablets for theophylline with varying drug:polymer ratios (1:1 and 1:2) and differing tablet hardness (5, 6 and 7 kg/cm2), and to evaluate the tablet’s physico-chemical properties such as hardness, uniformity of weight, friability, drug content and in vitro drug release. Initially, granules were made by wet granulation technique and evaluated for angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density, bulkiness, compressibility index and hausner ratio. The results indicate good flow property of the granules and thus, the evaluated tablet physical properties were within the acceptable limits. The FT-IR study for the F-6 formulation showed that there was no interaction between the drug and the polymer. In vitro release studies were performed using Disso-2000 (paddle method) in 900 ml of pH 7.4 at 50 rpm. The result indicated that at high drug:polymer ratio (1:2) and hardness value 7 kg/cm2, prolonged drug release was observed than the low drug: polymer ratio (1:1) and hardness values (5 and 6 kg/cm2). The release kinetics was found to follow korsmeyers-peppas model and the mechanism of drug release was by non-fickian or anomalous diffusion. The F-6 formulation was chosen for stability studies. F-6 formulation was stable when it was kept at different temperatures for a period of 6 months.

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