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Formulation and optimization of sustained release tablets of venlafaxine resinates using response surface methodology

Author(s): Ashwini R Madgulkar, MR Bhalekar, VJ Kolhe, YD Kenjale
AISSMS College of Pharmacy, Kennedy Road, Near RTO, Pune-411 001, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashwini R Madgulkar AISSMS College of Pharmacy, Kennedy Road, Near RTO, Pune-411 001 India [email protected]

The aim of the current study was to design sustained release matrix tablets of venlafaxine hydrochloride using ion exchange resin with the incorporation of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymer combinations. Venlafaxine HCl was loaded onto Indion 244 by batch method and then resinate were wet granulated with ethyl cellulose and blended with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose and compressed. A central composite design for 2 factors at 3 levels each was employed to systematically optimize drug release profile at 2 h and at 18 h. Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose and ethylcellulose were taken as the independent variables. Response surface plots and contour plots were drawn, and optimum formulations were selected by feasibility and grid searches. Resinate shows inadequate sustained release profile. Compressed matrices exhibited the anomalous release mechanism, as the value of release rate exponent (n) varied between 08109 and 08719, resulting in regulated and complete release until 20 h. Validation of optimization study, performed using five confirmatory runs, indicated very high degree of prognostic ability of response surface methodology, with mean percentage error as 1.152±1.88%. Regulated drug release study indicates that the hydrophilic and hydrophobic matrix tablets of venlafaxine resinate prepared using hydroxypropylmethylcellulose and ethylcellulose, can successfully be employed as a once-a-day oral controlled release drug delivery system.

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