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Preparation and characterisation of fluconazole vaginal films for the treatment of vaginal Candidiasis

Author(s): L Kumar1, MS Reddy1, RK Shirodkar1, GK Pai1, VT Krishna1, R Verma2
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal-576 104, India 2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, India

Correspondence Address:
L Kumar Department of Pharmaceutics, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal-576 104 India E‑mail: [email protected]

Objective of the present study was to develop and evaluate vaginal films with essential in vitro studies. Films were developed using hydroxypropyl methylcellulose as a polymer and formulations were coded. The developed films were evaluated with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, drug content, viscosity, surface pH, thickness, mechanical characterisation and in vitro drug release study. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results confirmed that there is no chemical interaction between drug and stabilisers/excipients. The batch variation was not more than 5% for average thickness and weight of the films. The drug content for the prepared formulation was in the range of 72.32±0.18% to 94.48±0.54%. Viscosity of the formulations increased with the increase in concentration of polymer. Mechanical characterisation revealed that tensile strength and percentage elongation of the films improved as there is increase in degree of substitution of the polymer, but the values of modulus decreased which confirmed that all the prepared films are soft in nature. The in vitro study indicated that 1 and 2% concentrations of polymer are the least concentrations to control the release of drug whereas the 4% concentration of polymer is a good and more effective concentration to control the release. Only one prepared formulation released the drug by following anomalous transport whereas other film formulations released the fluconazole by following Fickian diffusion mechanism. Prepared vaginal films may be an important alternative for the treatment of vaginal candidiasis, because these prepared films suggest the benefits of controlled release of fluconazole at the site of absorption.

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