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Review Article p. 396

Analytical Methods for Standardization of Ayurvedic Asavas and Aristas; A Review

C. Das, G. Ghosh, A. Bose and D. Das*

Plants serve as a rich source of bioactive molecules, which are used to treat various diseases in Ayurveda. Medicinal plant materials are formulated into valuable Ayurvedic medicines by appl..

Review Article p. 406

Carriers for Prodrug Synthesis: A Review

Preeti P. Mehta*, A. R. Chabukswar and Swati C. Jagdale

The prodrug approach using various carriers has evolved as a significant tool in surmounting different obstacles in relation to drug formulation and targeting. Properties and selection of ca..

Research Paper p. 415

Delaying Effect of Polyherbal Formulation on Cataract in STZ-NIC-induced Diabetic Wistar Rats

K. K. Mali*, Sucheta S. Ligade and R. J. Dias

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of polyherbal formulation on cataract development in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by strepto..

Research Paper p. 424

Phenolic Constituents with Antioxidant and Antiviral Activities from Phyllanthus urinaria Linnea

Q. P. Liang, C. Wu, T. Q. Xu, X. Y. Jiang, G. D. Tong, C. S. Wei and G. X. Zhou*

Phyllanthus urinaria Linnea is commonly used in folk medicine with considerable therapeutic utility. Sixteen phenols of Phyllanthus urinaria were isolated from ethanol extract and their stru..

Research Paper p. 431

Relationship between Dopamine and Serotonin on the Effect of Ginkgo biloba Extract in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Rodents

J. Chimakurthy*, T. E. G. K. Murthy and P. V. Diwan

In this study, the effect of EGb-761, the standardized extract of Ginkgo biloba at dose levels of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg was investigated on experimental models of obsessive compulsive disord..

Research Paper p. 438

Design of Novel Antimycobacterial Molecule Targeting Shikimate Pathway of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

P. Sivaranjani, V. Umakanth Naik, N. Ravina Madhulitha, K. Sudheer Kumar, P. Chiranjeevi, Sharon Priya Alexander and A. Umamaheswari*

In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, shikimate pathway is essential for amino acid biosynthesis, siderophores formation to overcome starvation, to survive in low oxygen conditions as well as for p..

Research Paper p. 448

High Efficient Extraction of Tryptophan Using Deep Eutectic Solvent-based Aqueous Biphasic Systems

Yanhong Chao, H. Ding, J. Peng, Yan Jin, X. Li, H. Chang, W. Jiang, Guangying Chen, C. Han and W. Zhu*

Deep eutectic solvent-based aqueous biphasic systems were established as greener replacements of organic solvents for the extraction of amino acid in this work. Choline chloride/polyethylene..

Research Paper p. 456

Hydrogen Sulfide Promotes Proliferation of HT-29 Colon Cancer Cells in a Mitochondria-independent Pathway

A. Kumarasamy and G. A. Kurian*

Several studies reported the carcinogenic and anticarcinogenic effects of hydrogen sulfide. The present study evaluated the role of mitochondria in mediating the anti/pro-carcinogenic effect..